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LAWN INSTALLATION

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Professional lawn installation Perth

We at Westland turf we provide lawn installation service. We however understands some might feel like doing the job themselves so we have pulled together some useful procedures to show you how you should do lawn installation to establish a beautiful lawn right away when installing it yourself.

How to install your new lawn

Planting of roll-on turf

1. Soil preparation

Before removing an old lawn, spray with Roundup (Glyphosate) at the recommended rate to completely kill the old lawn and any weeds. Allow 2 weeks for this procedure to take effect then remove before bringing in any new soil or soil improver.

When preparing to lay your new lawn, the soil preparation is the most important stage in your lawn's establishment. Depending upon the quality of the soil already there, we recommend applying at least 100mm of lawn mix soil or black topsoil to the area. This allows for a deeper penetration of air, moisture and roots.

2. Levelling

Remove any debris such as leaves, twigs, roots, rocks, or weeds from the soil area. Next, level and shape the ground, when the soil is dry, using a straight board. Allow 30mm below any paths or driveways to make sure the grass remains level with the surrounding area once laid. Soil water repellency can be overcome with the use of a wetting agent, such as Richgro's Ezi-Wet soil wetter.

Please note: If reticulation is to be installed, now is the time to install the system. The sprinkler heads should be positioned 20mm above the surface of the soil, allowing for the height of the lawn. Reticulation is strongly recommended for establishing any lawn, particularly during summer.

3. Soil improvement

After levelling the ground, we recommend the use of a soil improver such as 'Palmetto Underlay'. Generally, 1 bag per 10m2 is ideal. This thin layer can then be raked through the top of 50mm of soil. This simple step will improve the water holding capacity of the soil and provide essential nutrients to your turf. Remember to level the ground after raking and mixing your improver through the soil.

Just before laying your turf, we recommend wetting the soil and spreading Turf Start or Dynamic Lifter at a rate of 20kg per 100m2. This slow release organic fertiliser naturally helps the new turf in root development. Also use a wetting agent, such as Richgro's 'Ezi-Wet' soil wetter. These extra steps really do make a massive difference and make for professional results.

4. Laying

Turf rolls should be laid as soon as possible after delivery. Lay the turf rolls in a stretcher bond pattern as you would in brickwork. Butt all joints tightly but be careful not to overlap edges. A handy tip is to use a steak knife to cut turf to fit curves, edges, sprinkler heads or any other tricky angles.

5. Watering

Watering is a vital step and many people attempting a roll on lawn installation themselves don't water their new lawn nearly enough! If you are installing turf on a hot day, lay the turf in sections and water well to prevent drying. On cooler days, the entire area can be laid before watering. When ready, water the completed lawn surface thoroughly. Repeat watering at regular intervals to keep turf moist at all times, until rooted. Be sure to take care that the water is saturating the soil beneath the turf.

The first 10 days after installation are critical. In the colder months the turf will take longer to establish. The turf should not dry out until the roots are established.

6. Compacting/rolling

After laying all turf, water well and roll with a heavy roller or compact. A plate compactor will eliminate irregularities and will help to form the vital good contact between turf and soil. Watering with a hose in front of the compactor will also help.

7. Top-dressing

Top-dressing your new lawn very lightly, using a lawn mix or a clean and sandy soil, will help to stop the joints drying out and improve the level, but it is not a vital step.

8. Fertiliser

As with all living things, lawns need to be fed to remain strong and healthy. Apply a good lawn fertiliser (we recommend the use of 'Palmetto Premium Lawn Fertiliser') at a rate of 2kg per 100 square metre, approximately 8 weeks after laying.

Use a complete fertiliser in early April and early September. A slow release fertiliser should be used for all regular 8 weekly feeds. If you need to green up quickly, apply a fertiliser that is high in nitrogen to promote a lush green lawn. Do not use a fertiliser with added weed killer on Buffalo lawns.

9. Mowing

Mow your new instant lawn lightly within 7-10 days after the installation in the warmer months, and after it has taken root in the colder months.
westland turf preparation to lay turf

    Planting of stolons (runners)

    Stolons are chopped sections of runners and stems of grasses. Each section has nodes (joints) which will produce growth when properly planted and grown. Being vegetatively propagated from selected strains, stolons are true-to-type, grow quickly, and are weed free.

    Planting runners is best done in the warmer months of spring, summer and early autumn. Turf establishment through the use of stolons is an accepted, inexpensive and widely proven practice that yields outstanding results.

    1. Soil preparation

    Before removing an old lawn, spray with Roundup (Glyphosate) at the recommended rate to kill the old lawn and any weeds. Allow 2 weeks for this to take effect then remove before bringing in new soil or soil improver.

    When preparing to lay your new lawn, the soil preparation is considered the most important stage in your lawn's establishment. Depending on the quality of soil already there, we recommend applying at least 100mm of lawn mix soil or black topsoil to the area. This allows for deep penetration of air, moisture and roots.

    2. Levelling

    Remove any debris such as leaves, twigs, roots, rocks, weeds from the soil area. Level and shape the ground when the soil is dry using a straight board. Allow 25-30mm below paths and driveways for the grass to be laid on top and still remain level with surrounding surfaces. Soil water repellency may be overcome with the use of a soil wetting agent.

    Please note: If reticulation is to be installed, now is the time to install the system. The sprinkler heads should be positioned 20mm above the surface of the soil, allowing for the height of the lawn. Reticulation is strongly recommended for establishing any lawn, particularly through summer.

    3. Soil improvement

    After levelling the ground, we recommend the use of a soil improver such as 'Palmetto Underlay'. Generally 1 bag per 10m2 is adequate. This thin layer can be raked through the top of 50mm of soil. This step will improve the water holding capacity of the soil and provide essential nutrients. After raking and mixing through the soil, it’s important to level it again.

    4. Runners

    Spread the shredded runners evenly over the soil surface at a rate of 1 X 10 litre bucketful to 6 square metres. Work in manageable areas of not more than 18 square metres at a time, so as to avoid exposed runners drying out. Spread as evenly as possible to ensure an even coverage. This step cannot be done in windy conditions!

    Please note: Buffalo runners should be planted in rows approximately 150mm apart. Skip step 4 and go straight to step 5.

    5. Roller/disc

    Roll the runners into the soil surface with a disc bladed roller, making sure that all runners are buried. For best results, roll the disc in several different directions to ensure that most of the runners are pressed firmly into, and beneath, the soil surface.

    Next, roll the area with a cylinder roller to make sure all runners are buried. A criss-cross action may be necessary to ensure proper planting. This ensures close contact between runners and soil which is needed for prompt growth. It also enables you to flatten out any irregularities and form an extremely even and professional looking lawn.

    6. Watering

    Thoroughly water each section immediately after planting as runners will quickly die if left in dry hot soil. Thereafter, planted areas will require irrigation for 3-5 minutes, several times daily, to ensure rapid root development.

    7. Fertiliser

    Apply a lawn starter organic fertiliser after planting at a rate of 100gms per square metre (approx. 1/2 cup full). From then on a recommended lawn fertiliser (such as 'Palmetto Premium lawn Fertiliser') should be applied lightly, every 2 weeks, until maturity is reached.

    Follow these steps, and you'll soon have the perfect lawn, alternatively, call Westland Turf on 08 9330 8178 and let us do it for you!

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